Diploma Unit 3 studio in Architectural Association School of Architecture (Professor: Pascal Schöning) has explore the representation of architecture by using other media and studied any effects caused by the other media on architectural design. In the studio a variety of avant-garde cinema such as Chris Marker’s La Jetée (1962) are introduced as well as other works of art, philosophy and architectural theories. Students studied and experimented relationship attribute between architecture and film in artistic way.
In the early 1990s, the unit (studio) mainly took some In the early 1990s, the unit (studio) mainly took some methods like overlaying images and texts and blow-up to discover new contents. After the mid 1990s, they started to address film as their main medium then the most of students looks for the meaning of the space by making films. These works include making books with texts and photographs to study the narrative of space, architecture and city and this approach was the inception of their exploration of the Cinématic Architecture.
In addition, for the sake of expression, they took “wayIn addition, for the sake of expression, they took “way or device to solve the problems in the city" rather than thinking of just the superficial design such as beauty, coolness and uniqueness and were required to produce works, asking themselves what the architect’s roll in society. That includes the efforts to social issues such as the urban developments, the tragic history and memory. In particular these are the conflict in Sarajevo, of the city 50 years after the World War II, things disappeared by the urban development in the 20th arrondissement in Paris.
Until the mid 2000s, to represent and define architecture and urban space with media like films, photographs and narratives as well as to explore the existence and signification of architecture are their main approach then they turned into more experimental direction to seek for a unique building-design form which is different from normal design procedure until the retirement of Pascal in 2008.
In 2009, a colloquium, “What is Cinématic Architecture?” took place in Architectural Association in London and Keiichi Ogata was invited as one of the guests. As a conclusion, there will be still a lot of possibilities for architectural design program if we take filmmaking in it.
Works by Pascal Schöning (Hon AADipl 1939-2016) and his studio, AA Diploma Unit 3 are featured in Japan several times like in SPACE DESIGN (Kajima Publishers) and 10+1 (INAX) as well as in the Haishi-Mirage City Project in China produced by Arata Isozaki (1997). And the native former Diploma Unit 3 students are now working actively not only architect but also filmmaker, photographer, artist in UK, north and south America, Middle East, Europe and Asia. Also, some people from the studio who is in educational field inherited the theory and they are dispersing and enlightening it. Especially Cinématic Architecture Seoul is active and they are in good cooperation with Cinématic Architecture Tokyo.This unique approach are not only for two of them. Furthermore, JACK BACK PACK in Portugal, SİNETOPYA | Archltecture City and Film Atelier in Turkey and ArqFilmFest in Chili are also addressing the relation between architecture and film in their own ways worldwide.
In 2012 Pascal had a summer workshop "Love and Crime. Basta!" in Nice, France as a part of AA Visiting Workshop programe, using architecture, film and photograph for the material. He also had a lecture about Jim Jarmusch’s Limits of Control (2009) in RIBA, London, UK. He lived in Le Corbusier’s Unité d'habitation in Lorraine, France and works as an architect and an artist, teaching young people and planning his own projects.
- Cinematic Architecture 1993-2008
- Fact and Fiction: Everything in Life is as Much Fiction as it is Fact
- SD9704: Memory of Cities / Pascal Schöning and AA School Diploma Unit 3 (Japanese)
- From Architecture to Film: Pascal Schöning’s Cinématic Architecture by Clara Kraft